1 Answer. The instant flux is reduced, the back emf reduces and this causes the armature to increase current. More current means a higher driving torque and this accelerates the armature to run at a higher speed until the speed equation is in balance again.
Why would the motor speed decrease when the load to the motor is increased?
As the load increases, to maintain the voltage at a constant value, current decreases, due to which the strength of magnetic field produced by the Internal Winding of DC motor decreases. This results in a decreased interaction of the two magnetic fields and thus Decrease in Speed of motor is observed.
What will happen with the increase in speed of a DC motor?
What will happen, with the increase in speed of a DC motor? a) Back emf increase but line current falls. … So, with the increase in speed, the back emf also increases. Therefore, armature current is also decreased, in case of series motor, armature current is equal to the line or load current.
What causes a DC generator to slow down as load is increased?
The more torque applied to something, the faster it will usually spin. Decrease the torque applied to something, and it will usually slow down. … Decrease the fuel flow-rate, and the amount of torque being produced by the turbine will decrease.
What is the reason for reduction in speed of DC shunt motor from no load to full load?
Similarly when the load decreases, the excess torque speed ups the armature and the back emf increases. Then the motor draws less current which results in a decrease in torque and slows down to previous speed.
How can the speed of a DC motor be controlled?
Thus, the speed of a DC motor can be controlled in three ways: By varying the supply voltage. By varying the flux, and by varying the current through the field winding. By varying the armature voltage, and by varying the armature resistance.
How can you reduce the speed of a DC motor?
If you want to reduce rpm without compromising speed regulation then use a voltage regulator or PWM controller to lower the motor voltage. If you also want higher torque then use a gearbox (which increases torque by the same proportion as it reduces shaft rpm).
What is the speed of dc motor?
DC controls adjust speed by varying the voltage sent to the motor (this differs from AC motor controls which adjust the line frequency to the motor). Typical no load or synchronous speeds for an AC fractional horsepower motor are 1800 or 3600 rpm, and 1000-5000 rpm for DC fractional hp motors.
Why does current increase when DC motor is increased?
Why does armature current increase when load on the DC motor increase? When the load increases the motor slows down. This reduces the counter EMF. This allows a higher current to flow.
Which DC motor is preferred for constant speed?
Explanation: Rotary compressor generally demand constant speed operation throughout the load. Sometimes, DC machines are not able to produce constant speed throughout the process hence, synchronous machine is used. 4.
What are the causes of overheating of a DC motor?
The most common causes of overheating include:
- An unsuitable motor: Motors come in a range of sizes. …
- The wrong voltage supply: Too many volts or too few volts can be damaging to a motor. …
- A poor surrounding environment: A motor needs room to breathe so it can perform at its best.
How can we increase the rpm of dc motor?
By increasing the voltage of the armature, it produces more magnetic forces to overcome the field magnet, increasing the rpm. By increasing the field current, more magnetic fields opposing the motion are produced, at the same time more cemf is produced reducing the armature voltage, decreasing the rpm.
What causes a DC motor to run away?
What is the run-away condition in D.C. motors? … This is a condition that pertains only to shunt field motors. It happens when the shunt field coil is open circuited so no current flows in it and thus it produces no magnetic field. It also requires that there be no or very little load on the shaft.
Why the speed of DC shunt motor is constant?
If the load on the motor increases armature speed reduces and thereby cause a reduction in the back emf. Hence, when back emf decreases the armature current increases. Hence, a DC shunt motor always maintains a constant speed.
What are the factors affecting the speed of a DC shunt motor?
Factors Affecting The Speed Of Dc Motor
- The applied voltage.
- The flux.
- The voltage across an armature.
What are the advantages of DC shunt motor?
Advantages of Dc shunt motor:
- The power supply of the DC motor is any way cheap.
- Shunt would motor able to runs at a predetermined speed.
- The speed of a dc shunt motor is sufficiently constant.
- Direct current machines can use for heavy industrial applications where the torque and speed wider range.