A-level Physics (Advancing Physics)/Motors. Just as a moving magnetic field induces current in conductors, a changing current in a magnetic field induces motion. When this motion is used to ensure that the current keeps changing relative to the magnetic field, the motion will continue, and so we have an electric motor.
How does a motor work in physics?
An electric motor converts electrical energy into physical movement. Electric motors generate magnetic fields with electric current through a coil. The magnetic field then causes a force with a magnet that causes movement or spinning that runs the motor. Electric motors are used in all sorts of applications.
How does a motor work simple?
An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor’s magnetic field and electric current in a wire winding to generate force in the form of torque applied on the motor’s shaft.
How does a motor function?
An electric motor creates rotational, or circular, motion. The central part of the motor is a cylinder called the armature or rotor. The armature holds the rest of the components and is also the part of the motor that spins. Around the armature is the stator, which holds insulated coils of wire, usually copper.
How does a DC motor work GCSE physics?
Electric motors use the forces produced by magnetic fields to produce a turning motion. If you put a length of wire in a magnetic field and pass a DC current through it (such as from a battery), the wire will move. This is called the motor effect .
What is the principle of a motor?
The principle of an electric motor is based on the current carrying conductor which produces magnetic field around it. A current carrying conductor is placed perpendicular to the magnetic field so that it experiences a force.
What are 3 types of motor controls?
There are four basic motor controller and drive types: AC, DC, servo, and stepper, each having an input power type modified to the desired output function to match with an application.
What are the 6 parts of an electric motor?
These six components include:
- 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor. …
- 3) The Bearings. The rotor in your electric motor is supported by bearings, which allow it to turn on its axis. …
- 4) The Windings. …
- 5) The Air Gap. …
- 6) The Commutator. …
- What Do All of These Components Have in Common?
What does a motor do in a circuit?
A motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.
What is the significance or impact of electric motor in our lives?
Electric motors impact almost every aspect of modern living. Refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, air conditioners, fans, computer hard drives, automatic car windows, and multitudes of other appliances and devices all use electric motors to convert electrical energy into useful mechanical energy.
How are motors used in everyday life?
ATMs, automatic doors and commercial air conditioners are examples of everyday equipment in which motors are used.
How does a simple DC motor work?
Electric motors turn electricity into motion by exploiting electromagnetic induction. The motor features a permanent horseshoe magnet (called the stator because it’s fixed in place) and an turning coil of wire called an armature (or rotor, because it rotates). …
Which motor is used in generator?
You can generate an alternating current with a fractional horsepower motor. For convenience, the motor should be mounted on a board, as shown, with 4 mm sockets allowing connections to the rotor and stator windings.
Why will a motor not work without a commutator?
No, a direct current motor cannot run without a commutator because there is no induced electromotive force inside the armature. The commutator plays the function of supplying current to the armature from the brush. That is why the armature removed will not supply the motor.