Electric motors turn electricity into motion by exploiting electromagnetic induction. A simple direct current (DC) motor is illustrated below. The motor features a permanent horseshoe magnet (called the stator because it’s fixed in place) and an turning coil of wire called an armature (or rotor, because it rotates).
How does a motor work in physics?
An electric motor converts electrical energy into physical movement. Electric motors generate magnetic fields with electric current through a coil. The magnetic field then causes a force with a magnet that causes movement or spinning that runs the motor. Electric motors are used in all sorts of applications.
How does a DC electric motor work GCSE?
A simple electric motor can be built using a coil of wire that is free to rotate between two opposite magnetic poles. When an electric current flows through the coil, the coil experiences a force and moves. … When the electric current changes direction, the same end of the electromagnet becomes its south pole.
What is the principle of a motor?
The principle of an electric motor is based on the current carrying conductor which produces magnetic field around it. A current carrying conductor is placed perpendicular to the magnetic field so that it experiences a force.
What are the components of DC motor?
DC motors include two key components: a stator and an armature. The stator is the stationary part of a motor, while the armature rotates. In a DC motor, the stator provides a rotating magnetic field that drives the armature to rotate.
What is a DC motor GCSE physics?
Electric motors use the forces produced by magnetic fields to produce a turning motion. If you put a length of wire in a magnetic field and pass a DC current through it (such as from a battery), the wire will move. This is called the motor effect .
How does a simple electric motor work?
This simple electric motor works by the magnetic force F = IL x B. The magnetic field at both of these spots points in the same direction. … Thus, the magnetic force on the wire at opposite ends of the loop points in opposite directions, causing it to spin.
What is the structure of electric motor?
An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor’s magnetic field and electric current in a wire winding to generate force in the form of torque applied on the motor’s shaft.
What is the basic principle of DC motor?
DC motors operate on Faraday’s principle of electromagnetism which states that a current-carrying conductor experiences a force when placed in a magnetic field.
What is electric motor and principle?
Electric motor: An electric motor is a device which converts the electrical energy into the mechanical energy. Principle: An electric motor (dc motor) works on the principle that when an electric current is passed through a conductor placed normally in a magnetic field.
What is the working principle of induction motor?
The motor which works on the principle of electromagnetic induction is known as the induction motor. Electromagnetic induction is the phenomenon in which the electromotive force induces across the electrical conductor when it is placed in a rotating magnetic field.
What are the 4 types of DC motor?
There are 4 main types of DC motors:
- Permanent Magnet DC Motors. The permanent magnet motor uses a permanent magnet to create field flux. …
- Series DC Motors. In a series DC motor, the field is wound with a few turns of a large wire carrying the full armature current. …
- Shunt DC Motors. …
- Compound DC Motors.
What are the functions of DC motor?
A DC motor is any of a class of rotary electrical motors that converts direct current electrical energy into mechanical energy. The most common types rely on the forces produced by magnetic fields.
What are the four main parts of a DC motor?
A brushed DC motor is made up of 4 basic components; the stator, the rotor ( or armature ), brushes, and commutator.