Children with Down Syndrome tend to have quite floppy muscles (hypotonia or low muscle tone). This makes it harder for them to move and can affect all aspects of their physical development.
How does Down syndrome affect fine motor skills?
Children with Down syndrome can have difficulties with fine motor skills due to their low tone and/or hypermobility in their hands, wrist or elbows. Instability in the hands makes it much harder for our children to tackle higher level fine motor activities like using zips and buttons or cutting.
Why do Down syndrome have poor muscle tone?
In many children with Down syndrome, the muscles and ligaments that support the neck are weak and loose. This can potentially cause spinal cord compression, in which the small bones in the neck (vertebrae) press on the spinal cord. Compression may lead to reduced muscle coordination, numbness, and weakness.
How does Down syndrome affect mobility?
People with Down syndrome have hyperflexibility, more joint mobility than the average. The increased joint mobility may contribute to the lack of posture control. Together with the failure of co-contraction, it can have a negative impact on joint stability.
How does Down syndrome affect learning?
Down syndrome can affect learning abilities in different ways, but it usually causes mild to moderate intellectual impairment. Children with Down syndrome have delays in speech and motor skills, and may need help with self-care, such as dressing and grooming.
Can a baby with Down syndrome look normal?
Some of the children with Mosaic Down syndrome that we know do not actually look as if they have Down syndrome – the usual physical features are not obvious. This raises some important and difficult social issues and identity issues for both parents and children, which parents have discussed with us.
What does Down syndrome delay?
Children with Down syndrome (DS) present with delays in motor development. The reduced size of the cerebrum, brain maturation disorders, and pathophysiological processes lead to motor development delay.
At what age does a child with Down syndrome walk?
Some babies with Down syndrome start walking the same time as any other child, typically around the age of 2. Some babies with Down syndrome will start walking at the same time as any other child, typically around the age of two.
Are children with Down syndrome more flexible?
The ligaments that hold the bones together in the joints of children with Down Syndrome are longer than usual resulting in increased flexibility in joints. This is very noticeable in a child with Down Syndrome’s hips, feet and shoulders.
Is Down Syndrome physically limiting?
Although many children with Down syndrome have physical and mental limitations, they can live independent and productive lives well into adulthood. About one half of children with Down syndrome are born with heart problems, including atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and endocardial cushion defects.
Do Down syndrome babies cry differently?
Just like any baby, infants who have Down syndrome will sometimes be fussy. The temperament of a baby with Down syndrome is not usually any different from the temperament of any other baby.
What problems can Down syndrome cause?
These complications can include:
- Heart defects. About half the children with Down syndrome are born with some type of congenital heart defect. …
- Gastrointestinal (GI) defects. …
- Immune disorders. …
- Sleep apnea. …
- Obesity. …
- Spinal problems. …
- Leukemia. …
Why do Down syndrome babies shake?
Shaken baby syndrome usually occurs when a parent or caregiver severely shakes a baby or toddler due to frustration or anger — often because the child won’t stop crying. Shaken baby syndrome isn’t usually caused by bouncing a child on your knee, minor falls or even rough play.
Can Down syndrome be cured?
Down syndrome cannot be cured. Early treatment programs can help improve skills. They may include speech, physical, occupational, and/or educational therapy. With support and treatment, many people with Down syndrome live happy, productive lives.
Does Down syndrome affect intelligence?
Down syndrome does affect IQ, a measure of intelligence. Still, most people with the syndrome have an IQ in a mildly to moderately-low range. Many pursue higher education, often at community colleges.
How long do people with Down syndrome live?
Today the average lifespan of a person with Down syndrome is approximately 60 years. As recently as 1983, the average lifespan of a person with Down syndrome was 25 years.