What are the types of motor development and how can we optimize it?

What are the types of motor development?

A child’s motor development falls into two categories: fine motor and gross motor. Fine motor skills refer to small movements in the hands, wrists, fingers, feet, toes, lips and tongue.

What are the types of motor development and how can we optimize it class 12?

It is of two types:

1. Gross motor development involves the development of large muscles in the child’s body such as sitting, walking, running etc. 2. Fine motor development involves development of small muscles of the body, especially during the small movements of the fingers and hands eg.

What are the types of motor development and how can we Optimise it?

Gross Motor Skills It refers to the use of larger muscles of the skeleton to maintain posture and balance for activities like throwing, walking, running etc.


  • Ball handling.
  • Fine eye-hand coordination.
  • Walking leading to running.
  • Good control over running.
  • Climbing proficiency using ladders.
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How can we optimize motor development?

Optimizing windows of “motor development opportunity”

  1. Provide children with lots of sensory-motor experiences, especially visual-motor.
  2. Include basic gross-motor activities that involve postural control, coordination and locomotion.
  3. Combine movement activities with music.


What are the 5 motor skills?

5 fine motor skills that are linked to student development

  • Construction skills. Learning with Lego pieces, puzzles and train tracks are just a few ways to refine this type of fine motor capabilities. …
  • Pencil skills. …
  • IT skills. …
  • Scissor skills. …
  • Self-care skills.


What is a motor skill example?

Motor skills are something most of us do without even thinking about them. Motor skills are divided into gross and fine. Gross motor skills include standing, walking, going up and down stairs, running, swimming, and other activities that use the large muscles of the arms, legs, and torso.

What are the factors that affect motor development?

Motor development has two main components: gross motor skills and fine motor skills. Growth of the child, environment, genetics, muscle tone, and gender are all factors that affect motor development.

What are the effects of exercise on muscular system class 12?

Effects of exercise on muscular system.

Size and shape of muscle changes: Regular exercise changes the shape and size of the muscle. Cells of the muscles are enlarged which change the shape and size of the muscle. Correct body posture; regular exercise keeps the correct posture of the body by strengthening the muscles.

What are the types of motor skills in physical education?

There are three main types of motor skills: locomotor, nonlocomotor, and manipulative. Each has specific sills associated with it. Locomotor skills are actions that move the body from one space to another. Examples include: running, skipping, leaping, and hopping.

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What are the 6 motor skills?

The six components of motor skills related to fitness are agility, balance, coordination, power, reaction time and speed, according to Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Education. A motor skill is associated with muscle activity.

What are the 3 types of motor skills?

Gross motor skills are movements related to large muscles such as legs, arms, and trunk. Fine motor skills are movements involving smaller muscle groups such as those in the hand and wrist.

How many motor skills are there?

Motor skills are movements and actions of the muscles. Typically, they are categorized into eighteen groups: Gross motor skills – require the use of large muscle groups to perform tasks like walking, balancing, and crawling.

How can I improve my fine motor skills?

Improving fine motor skills

  1. Pick up objects like blocks and cotton balls with tongs and move them from one container to another.
  2. Pick up small objects like beads with tweezers.
  3. Use child’s scissors to cut shapes or lines drawn on pieces of paper.
  4. Cut folded paper or make snowflakes.

How do you support fine motor skills?

6 fine motor skills activities for kids

  1. Play-dough and putty. Play-dough and putty are often used as part of the heavy work component of a sensory diet . …
  2. Painting. Different types of painting can help strengthen your child’s hand-eye coordination and manual dexterity. …
  3. Playing with sponges. …
  4. Rice races. …
  5. Water play. …
  6. Gardening and planting.

How do you teach fine motor skills?

Parents can encourage and help kids to improve their fine motor skills with simple, fun activities.

If you’re stuck for ideas, try a few of the activities below.

  1. Play-dough. …
  2. Puzzles. …
  3. Drawing, colouring in and painting. …
  4. Using kitchen tongs or tweezers. …
  5. Cutting with scissors. …
  6. Bath time play. …
  7. Sand play. …
  8. Build with blocks and Lego.
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