The principle of the electric motor is that it converts electrical energy into kinetic energy (mechanical energy) through the interaction of the two magnetic fields.
What is the principle of electric motor?
Therefore, an electric motor works on the principle that when a rectangular coil is placed in a magnetic field and current is passed through it, a force acts on the coil which rotates it continuously.
What is the principle of motor and generator?
The motor uses electricity. It works on the principle that when a current-carrying conductor is placed in a magnetic field, it experiences a force and rotates. The word ‘generator’ means to generate something, and an electrical generator produces (generates) electricity.
What is the work of motor?
The Electric Motor. An electric motor is used to convert electrical energy into mechanical energy. … Motors convert electric energy to mechanical work. The opposite is done by generators that convert mechanical work to electrical energy.
What is an electric motor explain with diagram?
Electric motor: A motor is a device which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Principle of motor : A motor works on the principle that when a rectangular coil is placed in a magnetic field and current is passed through it. … Whereas the force on the side CD of the coil is in the upward direction.
Which motor is used in generator?
The DC motor is best suited for a generator. It’ll produce current, even if the speed of the rotation is somewhat less. When you use a single phase motor, you’ll need to rotate it at a speed higher than the motors synchronous speed to generate energy.
What are the types of motor?
Types of Electric Motors
- 1). DC Shunt Motor. …
- 2). Separately Excited Motor. …
- 3). DC Series Motor. …
- 4). PMDC Motor. …
- 5). DC Compound Motor. …
- 1). Synchronous Motor. …
- 2). Induction Motor. …
- 1). Stepper Motor.
What is difference between motor and generator?
The major difference between Motor and Generator is that a motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy, whereas the generator does the exact opposite. The motor uses electricity whereas the generator produces electricity.
What’s the difference between AC and DC motors?
The most basic difference is the power source. A.C. motors are powered from alternating current (A.C.) while D.C. motors are powered from direct current (D.C.), such as batteries, D.C. power supplies or an AC-to-DC power converter.
What is DC motor working principle?
The DC motor is the device which converts the direct current into the mechanical work. It works on the principle of Lorentz Law, which states that “the current-carrying conductor placed in a magnetic and electric field experience a force”.
How does motor start?
A three-phase Induction Motor is Self Starting. When the supply is connected to the stator of a three-phase induction motor, a rotating magnetic field is produced, and the rotor begins rotating and the induction motor starts. At the time of starting, the motor slip is unity, and the starting current is very large.
What are the 6 parts of an electric motor?
These six components include:
- 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor. …
- 3) The Bearings. The rotor in your electric motor is supported by bearings, which allow it to turn on its axis. …
- 4) The Windings. …
- 5) The Air Gap. …
- 6) The Commutator. …
- What Do All of These Components Have in Common?
How does a simple motor works?
This simple electric motor works by the magnetic force F = IL x B. … The magnetic field at both of these spots points in the same direction. Thus, the magnetic force on the wire at opposite ends of the loop points in opposite directions, causing it to spin.
Which motor is best for Electric Car?
Brushless DC Motors
BLDC motors have traction characteristics like high starting torque, high efficiency around 95-98%, etc. BLDC motors are suitable for high power density design approach. The BLDC motors are the most preferred motors for the electric vehicle application due to its traction characteristics.