With this method, the speed of the DC motor can be controlled by controlling the armature resistance to control the voltage drop across the armature. This method also uses a variable resistor in series with the armature.
Which speed control methods offers below normal speed in DC shunt motor?
Shunt motor is a special type of DC motor which runs at a constant speed. But using field and armature rheostat control method we can make it more versatile. Field rheostat provides above normal speed and armature rheostat provides wide range of below normal speed.
Which method we adopt to control the speed of DC shunt motor above the base speed?
The field flux control method is used when the speed is above the base speed. In this mode of operation, the armature current is maintained constant at its rated value, and the generator voltage Vt is kept constant. The motor field current is decreased and as a result, the motor field flux also decreases.
Why DC shunt motor is constant speed?
If the load on the motor increases armature speed reduces and thereby cause a reduction in the back emf. … Hence, a DC shunt motor always maintains a constant speed. Under no load condition, the back emf becomes nearly equal to the applied voltage.
What are the 3 types of DC motors?
Main Types of DC Motors
- Permanent Magnet DC Motors. The permanent magnet motor uses a permanent magnet to create field flux. …
- Series DC Motors. In a series DC motor, the field is wound with a few turns of a large wire carrying the full armature current. …
- Shunt DC Motors. …
- Compound DC Motors.
How do you control the speed of a DC motor?
Thus, the speed of a DC motor can be controlled in three ways:
- By varying the supply voltage.
- By varying the flux, and by varying the current through the field winding.
- By varying the armature voltage, and by varying the armature resistance.
How do you control the speed of a shunt motor?
In this method, speed variation is accomplished by means of a variable resistance inserted in series with the shunt field. An increase in controlling resistances reduces the field current with a reduction in flux and an increase in speed. This method of speed control is independent of load on the motor.
What is the principle of DC shunt motor?
Construction and Working Principle
The working principle of a DC Shunt Motor is, whenever a DC motor is turned ON, then DC flows throughout stator as well as the rotor. This current flow will generate two fields namely pole as well as the armature.
Which motor is constant speed?
This motor combines a power on activated type clutch and brake with an induction motor. It is ideal for high-frequency starting and stopping. Suitable for applications where the motor is operated starting, stopping and reversing repeatedly and the motor is operated at synchronous speed regardless of load torque.
What are the advantages of DC shunt motor?
Advantages of Dc shunt motor:
- The power supply of the DC motor is any way cheap.
- Shunt would motor able to runs at a predetermined speed.
- The speed of a dc shunt motor is sufficiently constant.
- Direct current machines can use for heavy industrial applications where the torque and speed wider range.
Which is best AC or DC motor?
Which Motor Is More Powerful: AC or DC? AC motors are generally considered to be more powerful than DC motors because they can generate higher torque by using a more powerful current. However, DC motors are typically more efficient and make better use of their input energy.
Which DC motor is best?
Series wound DC motors are best for applications that require high startup torque, without the need for speed regulation. Like a shunt motor, as a load is applied to a DC series motor, the motor speed decreases, which reduces the back EMF and increases the net voltage.
What are the two main parts of DC motor?
DC motors include two key components: a stator and an armature. The stator is the stationary part of a motor, while the armature rotates. In a DC motor, the stator provides a rotating magnetic field that drives the armature to rotate.