What are two ways to increase the speed of the motor?
The speed of the rotation of the electric motor is increased by changing the current, by increasing the strength of the current which is supplied to the electric motor, then the speed of the rotation of the electric motor can be increased.
How can we increase the speed of the motor?
Magnetic flux – By decreasing the flux, the speed of the motor can be increased. The flux can be changed by changing the current with a shunt field rheostat. Resistance of the armature circuit – By decreasing the resistance, there is increase in the armature current which causes a larger torque to be developed.
What are the methods of speed control of DC motors?
Thus, there are three general methods of speed control of D.C. Motors.
- Resistance variation in the armature circuit: This method is called armature resistance control or Rheostat control.
- Variation of field flux Ф This method is called field flux control.
- Variation of the applied voltage.
How do you increase the speed of a DC motor?
Thus, the speed of a DC motor can be controlled in three ways:
- By varying the supply voltage.
- By varying the flux, and by varying the current through the field winding.
- By varying the armature voltage, and by varying the armature resistance.
How can we increase the rpm of dc motor?
By increasing the voltage of the armature, it produces more magnetic forces to overcome the field magnet, increasing the rpm. By increasing the field current, more magnetic fields opposing the motion are produced, at the same time more cemf is produced reducing the armature voltage, decreasing the rpm.
Which induction motor has maximum speed?
So if you have a three phase induction motor, the maximum speed can be obtained by taking a 2-pole motor and driving it from a variable frequency drive (VFD). If you set your VFD maximum speed to 120Hz (obtainable in many VFDs), then your two pole rotor (unloaded) will honk along at 7200 r.p.m.
How can we increase the speed of induction motor?
The Speed of Induction Motor is changed from Both Stator and Rotor Side. The speed control of three phase induction motor from stator side are further classified as : V / f control or frequency control. Changing the number of stator poles.
What is the basic principle of DC motor?
DC motors operate on Faraday’s principle of electromagnetism which states that a current-carrying conductor experiences a force when placed in a magnetic field.
What is the speed of dc motor?
DC controls adjust speed by varying the voltage sent to the motor (this differs from AC motor controls which adjust the line frequency to the motor). Typical no load or synchronous speeds for an AC fractional horsepower motor are 1800 or 3600 rpm, and 1000-5000 rpm for DC fractional hp motors.
What is the working of dc motor?
The DC motor is the device which converts the direct current into the mechanical work. It works on the principle of Lorentz Law, which states that “the current-carrying conductor placed in a magnetic and electric field experience a force”. The experienced force is called the Lorentz force.
How do you increase the power of a 12v DC motor?
How does adding stronger magnets affect a DC motor? Increasing the magnet strength of a DC motor will increase the amount of magnetic force generated per amp of current flow, and will also increase the back EMF per RPM ratio.
How do you slow down a DC motor?
A couple of things you can do:
- Use gears to change ratio of speed, which is what you’re going to do. …
- Use a stepper motor, which are commonly used for high-torque, low RPM applications.
- Find some sort of PWM control circuit to slow it down, although you probably won’t be able to get it down to 5-10RPM.
How do you reverse a DC motor?
DC motors, like AC motors, can be configured to turn in either direction. Their direction can be easily controlled by inverting the polarity of the applied armature voltage by reversing the armature leads. This works with shunt, series, and compound wound DC motors.