Start by completely disconnecting the spindle motor from all power sources. Check each wire, including T1, T2, T3 and the ground wire. If the reading is infinite, your motor should be fine. If you get a zero reading or any continuity reading, you have either a motor problem or a cable problem.
How do you test a motor drive?
Connect a resistor (of a suitable resistance and power rating) to the motor outputs of the motor driver instead of the motors. Connect a voltmeter across the resistor. Now command the driver to run the motors forward and reverse at various speeds.
How do you troubleshoot a motor drive?
Measure the motor resistance right at the drive. If the measurement shows an open (high ohm value), the problem is not the drive. Check motor relays, plugs, connectors, conduit boxes, etc. Make sure the motor is receiving a signal: Measure the voltage at the drive’s output terminals.
How do I know if my electric motor is bad?
With a multimeter set to low ohms (usually 200), test between each winding terminal and the metal casing of the motor. If there is any reading on any of these then the motor is bad, do not use it. You may find that when it runs ungrounded that the casing becomes live at up to supply voltage.
How do I know if my VFD is bad?
Take the negative multimeter lead and put it on the – terminal of the VFD. Take the positive multimeter lead and put it on each input and output terminal of the VFD one at a time. If a terminal is good, it should return with a OL (open) reading on the meter.
What is the first thing you should do when troubleshooting a motor?
For the supply, test first with the motor disconnect open and locked out. Use your megohmmeter to test the insulation resistance to ground.
Final tests and procedures.
- Listen for unusual noises.
- Smell for smoke or hot insulation.
- Feel the motor for excessive heat or vibration.
- Look for possible obstructions.
How do you check if H bridge is working?
Use a resistor in place of the motor, 1K or so. Place the voltmeter across the resistor and you should see a variable voltage depending on your PWM into the bridge (speed) and a polarity change (+ to – and vice versa) depending on which direction, and then 0V when it’s supposed to be “stopped”, That’s pretty basic.
What causes an electric motor to stop working?
Stressful mechanical, environmental, and electrical operating conditions can all cause electric motor failure. Electrical failures are winding failures caused by an open contactor, bad connection, blown fuse, excessive heat, electrical overload, or broken power lines.
How do you troubleshoot a 3 phase motor?
How to Troubleshoot a 3-Phase Electric Motor
- Take input voltage to the motor using the volt ohmmeter. The motor-specified voltage must be present on all three phases. …
- Examine the motor’s electrical connections and terminals. …
- Remove motor voltage and disengage the motor from the machine that it is running. …
- Check the motor for heat or burnt smell.
What causes VFD failure?
Many faults are caused by misapplication of the VFD. Process changes, such as variations in load or speed; power issues, such as capacity switching by the utility; or changes in environmental operating conditions are not immediately obvious, but could be a major contributor to VFD failure.
How do you test if a single phase motor is burnt out?
If the motor does not start, use a voltmeter, such as a Fluke 87V Industrial Multimeter, to check for voltage at the motor terminals. The voltage should be within 10% of the motor’s listed voltage.
What is the most common cause of motor failure?
Low Resistance. The most common cause of motor failure, and arguably the most difficult to overcome, is low resistance. Low resistance is caused by the degradation of the insulation of the windings due to conditions such as overheating, corrosion, or physical damage.
What causes a brushless motor to fail?
Heat is the number 1 cause of Brushless motor failure. You want to keep your motor temps around 150/160F. Around 175F the magnets start to demagnetize and you start losing power. The only other enemy of a brushless motor is dirt in the bearings.
Can a VFD damage a motor?
VFDs can wreck motor windings.
VFDs control motors with a simulated sine wave known as pulse width modulation (PWM). The problem is that peak voltages created by the VFD can often get high enough to break through motor insulation and short out motor windings.
How do you select a VFD for a motor?
Read below to learn more about the six factors you should be considering when choosing a VFD.
- Full Load Amperage. The first step in this process is making sure the drive can handle the motors current demands. …
- Overload. …
- Application Type. …
- Altitude. …
- Temperature. …
- Carrier Frequency.
What is a VFD fault?
A VFD overvoltage fault is fairly common with VFD regular usage. … A VFD overvoltage fault can occur on power up, during deceleration, acceleration, during normal run, or while sitting idle. If the VFD overvoltage fault occurs during power up, the first thing to check is the incoming line voltage with a meter.