Frequent question: What are the different types of motor speech disorders?

There are two major types of motor speech disorders: dysarthria and apraxia.

What are the types of motor speech disorders?

Motor speech disorders include two primary categories, apraxia and dysarthria. In order to produce speech, every person must coordinate a range of muscles and muscle groups, including those controlling the larynx with the vocal cords, the lips, the tongue, the jaw and the respiratory system.

What is the most common motor speech disorder?

The most common motor-speech disorders are dysarthria and apraxia of speech. The dysarthrias are oral communication problems due to weakness, incoordination, or paralysis of the speech musculature.

What causes motor speech disorders?

Dysarthria happens when you have weak muscles due to brain damage. It is a motor speech disorder and can be mild or severe. Dysarthria can happen with other speech and language problems. You might have trouble getting messages from your brain to your muscles to make them move, called apraxia.

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Is Aphasia a motor speech disorder?

Motor Speech disorders are characterized by difficulty moving the muscles needed for speech production due to weakness or reduced coordination. Difficulty producing words may or may not correlate with aphasia and cognitive-linguistic impairments (difficulty understanding or using language).

What are the types of Dysarthrias?

We outline the different types of dysarthria below.

  • Spastic dysarthria. People with spastic dysarthria may have speech problems alongside generalized muscle weakness and abnormal reflexes. …
  • Flaccid dysarthria. …
  • Ataxic dysarthria. …
  • Hypokinetic dysarthria. …
  • Hyperkinetic dysarthria.


What are the two types of motor speech disorders?

There are two major types of motor speech disorders: dysarthria and apraxia.

Why do I have difficulty speaking?

Difficulty with speech can be the result of problems with the brain or nerves that control the facial muscles, larynx, and vocal cords necessary for speech. Likewise, muscular diseases and conditions that affect the jaws, teeth, and mouth can impair speech.

Can dysarthria go away?

Depending on the cause of dysarthria, symptoms may improve, stay the same, or get worse slowly or quickly. People with ALS eventually lose the ability to speak. Some people with Parkinson disease or multiple sclerosis lose the ability to speak. Dysarthria caused by medicines or poorly fitting dentures can be reversed.

How do I know if I have dysarthria?

Dysarthria often causes slurred or slow speech that can be difficult to understand. Common causes of dysarthria include nervous system disorders and conditions that cause facial paralysis or tongue or throat muscle weakness.

Can speech disorders be cured?

Mild speech disorders may not require any treatment. Some speech disorders may simply go away. Others can improve with speech therapy. Treatment varies and depends on the type of disorder.

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What are the most common speech disorders?

Following are some of the most common speech disorders that speech therapists treat.

  • Stuttering and Other Fluency Disorders. …
  • Receptive Disorders. …
  • Autism-Related Speech Disorders. …
  • Resonance Disorders. …
  • Selective Mutism. …
  • Brain Injury-Related Speech Disorders/Dysarthria. …
  • Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms.


How do you overcome speech disorders?

Treatment options can include:

  1. speech therapy exercises that focus on building familiarity with certain words or sounds.
  2. physical exercises that focus on strengthening the muscles that produce speech sounds.


What is the difference between dysarthria and aphasia?

Aphasia and dysarthria are both caused by trauma to the brain, like stroke, brain injury, or a tumor. Aphasia occurs when someone has difficulty comprehending speech, while dysarthria is characterized by difficulty controlling the muscles used for speech.

What are the three types of aphasia?

The three most common types of aphasia are:

  • Broca’s aphasia.
  • Wernicke’s aphasia.
  • Global aphasia1

Can you have aphasia without having a stroke?

FALSE – The most frequent cause of aphasia is a stroke (but, one can have a stroke without acquiring aphasia). It can also result from head injury, cerebral tumor or other neurological causes.