How can we control DC motor in terms of speed and torque?

To control DC motors torque, a DC drive will regulate armature current. The armature voltage is unregulated allowing the motor to operate at whatever speed is necessary to achieve the set current /torque level.

How do you control speed and torque of a DC motor?

Torque Control

  1. Torque can be controlled directly by controlling the armature current. Fig. …
  2. In Fig. 10.8a, a phase-controlled rectifier, in combination with a dc-link filter inductor, can be used to create a variable dc-link current which can be applied directly to the armature terminals of the dc motor.
  3. In Fig.

6.07.2009

How is torque controlled in a DC motor?

The torque (and speed) of a DC motor are both controllable. The torque is controllable up to the maximum rated torque of the motor, and is controlled by varying the armature (and if a shunt wound motor, the field) current. Maximum sustainable torque is achieved at full rated current on the armature (and field).

How do you control the speed of a DC motor?

Thus, the speed of a DC motor can be controlled in three ways:

  1. By varying the supply voltage.
  2. By varying the flux, and by varying the current through the field winding.
  3. By varying the armature voltage, and by varying the armature resistance.
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How are DC motors controlled?

Variable resistance in the armature circuit or field circuit allows speed control. Modern DC motors are often controlled by power electronics systems which adjust the voltage by “chopping” the DC current into on and off cycles which have an effective lower voltage.

How does DC motor increase RPM?

Increasing the speed can be achieved by increasing the supply frequency as the speed and frequency are directly proportional; however, there are two constraints. The first is the saturation of the magnetic circuit, but this issue can be significantly avoided by keeping the V/f ratio constant.

Which DC motor is preferred for constant speed?

Explanation: Rotary compressor generally demand constant speed operation throughout the load. Sometimes, DC machines are not able to produce constant speed throughout the process hence, synchronous machine is used. 4.

How do you calculate torque?

A practical way to calculate the magnitude of the torque is to first determine the lever arm and then multiply it times the applied force. The lever arm is the perpendicular distance from the axis of rotation to the line of action of the force. and the magnitude of the torque is τ = N m.

Why is it necessary to control the speed of a DC motor?

DC Motors plays an important role in energy conversion process. It is a machine which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. In mechanical system, speed varies with number of task so speed control is necessary to do mechanical work in a proper way. It makes motor to operate easily.

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How does torque control work?

Direct torque control (DTC) is one method used in variable-frequency drives to control the torque (and thus finally the speed) of three-phase AC electric motors. This involves calculating an estimate of the motor’s magnetic flux and torque based on the measured voltage and current of the motor.

What is meant by speed control of dc motor?

Often we want to control the speed of a DC motor on demand. This intentional change of drive speed is known as speed control of a DC motor. Speed control of a DC motor is either done manually by the operator or by means of an automatic control device.

What are the parts of DC motor?

DC motors include two key components: a stator and an armature. The stator is the stationary part of a motor, while the armature rotates. In a DC motor, the stator provides a rotating magnetic field that drives the armature to rotate.

What are the 3 types of DC motors?

Main Types of DC Motors

  • Permanent Magnet DC Motors. The permanent magnet motor uses a permanent magnet to create field flux. …
  • Series DC Motors. In a series DC motor, the field is wound with a few turns of a large wire carrying the full armature current. …
  • Shunt DC Motors. …
  • Compound DC Motors.

5.07.2017

How a DC motor works step by step?

A simple DC motor uses a stationary set of magnets in the stator, and a coil of wire with a current running through it to generate an electromagnetic field aligned with the centre of the coil. One or more windings of insulated wire are wrapped around the core of the motor to concentrate the magnetic field.

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