Rotor as the name suggests it is a rotating part of an electrical machine, in which current is induced by transformer action from rotating magnetic field. Induction motor rotor is of two types: Squirrel Cage Rotor.
What is rotor in motor?
The rotor is a moving component of an electromagnetic system in the electric motor, electric generator, or alternator. Its rotation is due to the interaction between the windings and magnetic fields which produces a torque around the rotor’s axis.
Why rotor is used in induction motor?
A wound rotor motor is a variation of the three-phase induction motor, designed to provide high starting torque for loads with high inertia, while requiring very low current. Wound rotor motors are also referred to as “slip ring motors.” … During starting, this resistance is placed in series with the rotor windings.
How many types of rotors are there?
The four different rotor types are: Blank & Smooth – Blank and smooth rotors are what you’ll find on most passenger vehicles and feature a smooth, blank metal surface all the way around the rotor. Drilled – Drilled rotors feature drilled holes around the metal surface.
How does the rotor of an induction motor rotate?
After the motor attains maximum speed, DC is applied to the rotor coils. This creates a strong and ongoing magnetic field in the rotor that matches the rotating magnetic field. As a result, the rotor rotates at the same speed as the rotating magnetic field (or synchronous speed). Therefore, there is no slip.
What are the two types of rotors?
There are two types of induction motor rotors: Squirrel-cage rotor or simply cage rotor. Phase wound or wound rotors.
What is rotor slip?
“Slip” in an AC induction motor is defined as:
As the speed of the rotor drops below the stator speed, or synchronous speed, the rotation rate of the magnetic field in the rotor increases, inducing more current in the rotor’s windings and creating more torque. Slip is required to produce torque.
What are the main parts of 3 phase induction motor?
The motors consist of three main components – the stator, the rotor, and the enclosure. The stator consists of a series of alloy steel laminations around which are wound with wire to form induction coils, one coil for each phase of the electrical power source.
What are the types of induction motor?
Types of Induction Motor: A Concise and Useful Guild
- Types of Induction Motors. Types of Single-Phase Induction Motors. Split Phase Induction Motors. 2&3. Capacitor Start and Capacitor Start Capacitor Run Induction Motors. Shaded Pole Induction Motors. Types of Three-Phase Induction Motors. Squirrel Cage Induction Motor. Slip-ring or Wound Rotor Induction Motor.
Is slip ring induction motor?
A wound-rotor motor, also known as slip ring-rotor motor, is a type of induction motor where the rotor windings are connected through slip rings to external resistance. Adjusting the resistance allows control of the speed/torque characteristic of the motor.
How is rotor current calculated?
3 Answers. The synchronous speed of the rotor in RPM N = 120f/P where f is the frequency of the stator current and P is the number of poles. The operating speed No = N – Ns where Ns is the slip speed. The frequency of the rotor current fr = Ns x P/120, so fr = 0 if the slip is zero.
How much do rotors cost?
Rotors cost between $30 and $75 each. Higher-quality rotors like Duralast Gold, which feature a coated hat and edge and are designed to outperform your vehicle’s original equipment, usually cost a little more. Labor at a shop to replace rotors and pads is approximately $150 to $200 per axle.
Are rotors expensive?
Rotors themselves range anywhere from $30-$80 each. Those prices depend on the quality, type and brand. In the instances that your rotors can be resurfaced, the price can be considerably less – around $100-$150 per axle.
Which motor is used in ceiling fan?
What’s Inside Your Ceiling Fan Motor? In conventional ceiling fans, single phase induction motor is used. These motors consume minimum power and hence, are also known as fractional kilowatt motors. A single phase induction motor requires only one power phase for operating.
What causes motor to rotate?
A coil of wire carrying a current in a magnetic field experiences a force that tends to make it rotate. This effect can be used to make an electric motor.
How does an induction motor start?
A three-phase Induction Motor is Self Starting. When the supply is connected to the stator of a three-phase induction motor, a rotating magnetic field is produced, and the rotor begins rotating and the induction motor starts.