Question: What is the encoding specificity principle and how does it relate to the performance of motor skills?

Define the encoding specificity principle as it relates to practice test contexts associated with the performance of motor skills. The encoding specificity principle states that memory test performance is directly related to the amount of similarity between the practice and the test contexts.

What does encoding specificity refer to?

the principle that retrieval of memory is optimal when the retrieval conditions (such as context or cues) duplicate the conditions that were present when the memory was formed. [ proposed in 1983 by Endel Tulving ]

Who came up with encoding specificity principle?

The encoding specificity principle of memory (Tulving & Thomson, 1973) provides an general theoretical framework for understanding how contextual information affects memory. Specifically, the principle states that memory is improved when information available at encoding is also available at retrieval.

What are two examples of the rhythmic structures involved in walking and running?

(a)Two examples of rhythm in walking/running would be the motion of the legs and arms, and the motion of the pelvis and thorax.

What is automaticity and why is it important?

Automaticity refers to the ability to perform complex skills with minimal attention and conscious effort. Automaticity is essential for higher‐order thinking, such as skilled reading and writing, because important sub‐skills must be performed accurately, quickly, and effortlessly.

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How is automaticity achieved?

The more we perform a skill, the more automatic it becomes. Deliberate, focused practice, with plenty of repetition, helps us achieve automaticity. This means continuing practice beyond mastery—a process sometimes called overtraining. … Overtraining also helps students achieve automaticity in the classroom.

Is dribbling a open or closed skill?

For example, dribbling a ball during soccer pratice could be classified as a closed skill because it is being performed in a relatively stable environment. … This same skill of dribbling a ball is now classified as an open skill.

What are the 3 stages of skill acquisition?

The Three Stage Model of Skill Acquisition

  • Cognitive (Early) Stage. The first stage of skill acquisition is the Cognitive Stage. …
  • Associative (Intermediate) Stage. Once you’re in the associate phase you have a bit more flexibility. …
  • Autonomous (Late) Stage. This is the final stage of skill acquisition.


Is passing an open or closed skill?

Open skills: sports such as Netball, Football, and Hockey involve open skills. … Skills are predominantly perceptual and externally paced, for example, a pass in football. Closed skills. These skills occur in a stable, predictable environment, and the performer knows what to do and when.

What are the 5 characteristics of a skill?

These 5 characteristics should guide the measurement of performance and learning.

  • Improvement. Can the person perform the skill at a higher level?
  • Consistency. Is performance becoming increasingly more consistent?
  • Stability. …
  • Persistence. …
  • Adaptability.


What makes someone a skill performer?

Skills are learned abilities that athletes acquire through training and practice. … Skill may be defined as the ability to perform at a high standard effectively and efficiently.

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What are some examples of motor learning?

Motor learning involves learning a skilled task and then practising with a goal in mind until the skill is executed automatically (Schmidt & Wrisberg 2007). For example, learning to play a song on the piano initially takes a lot of thought and practise before the task is automatic and executed skilfully.