How do you control the speed of a DC motor?
Speed adjustment of a DC series motor by armature control may be done by: Armature Resistance Control Method. Shunted Armature Control Method. Armature Terminal Voltage Control.
What are the two factors controlling the speed of a DC motor?
Factors Affecting The Speed Of Dc Motor
- The applied voltage.
- The flux.
- The voltage across an armature.
How do you increase the speed of a DC motor?
Flux control method
Thus by decreasing the flux, speed can be increased and vice versa. To control the flux, a rheostat is added in series with the field winding, as shown in the circuit diagram. Adding more resistance in series with the field winding will increase the speed as it decreases the flux.
Why is it necessary to control the speed of a DC motor?
DC Motors plays an important role in energy conversion process. It is a machine which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. In mechanical system, speed varies with number of task so speed control is necessary to do mechanical work in a proper way. It makes motor to operate easily.
What is the speed of dc motor?
DC controls adjust speed by varying the voltage sent to the motor (this differs from AC motor controls which adjust the line frequency to the motor). Typical no load or synchronous speeds for an AC fractional horsepower motor are 1800 or 3600 rpm, and 1000-5000 rpm for DC fractional hp motors.
What are the 3 types of DC motors?
Main Types of DC Motors
- Permanent Magnet DC Motors. The permanent magnet motor uses a permanent magnet to create field flux. …
- Series DC Motors. In a series DC motor, the field is wound with a few turns of a large wire carrying the full armature current. …
- Shunt DC Motors. …
- Compound DC Motors.
How do you increase motor speed?
Increasing the speed can be achieved by increasing the supply frequency as the speed and frequency are directly proportional; however, there are two constraints. The first is the saturation of the magnetic circuit, but this issue can be significantly avoided by keeping the V/f ratio constant.
What are the applications of DC motor?
DC machines are also used in applications where high starting torque and accurate speed control over a wide range are important. Major applications for DC motors are: elevators, steel mills, rolling mills, locomotives, and excavators. Like other rotating machines, DC motors result from the interaction of two magnets.